The isometric LNG terminal is the LNG Terminal in English, and the LNG terminal in Chinese. It refers to a device that stores LNG and then transports it outside. LNG receiving stations include LNG terminals and LNG storage tanks. The implementation of LNG cold energy utilization can reduce cold pollution and improve the comprehensive energy utilization level. The field of LNG cold energy utilization is very wide: according to the sending conditions of natural gas, a gas turbine or expansion method can be used to generate electricity using LNG cold energy; it can be received at LNG Build a low-temperature cold storage next to the station, use LNG cold energy to freeze food; You can also use LNG cold energy to dry and crush at low temperature, used in medicine and food industry; Use LNG cold energy to liquefy carbon dioxide, apply in welding, fire fighting, frozen food, etc .; also LNG cold energy can be used to separate air to produce liquid nitrogen, liquid oxygen and liquid argon.
Poten & Partners predicts that by 2015, the world LNG <https://baike.baidu.com/item/LNG> trade volume will increase from 132 million tons in 2004 to 375 million tons. From 2004 to 2015, Japan's share of LNG trade in the Asia-Pacific region will fall from the current 65% to 39%. The newly increased demand for LNG in the Asia-Pacific region will mainly come from emerging markets such as China, India and the west coast of North America. By 2015, the demand in these emerging markets will reach 65 million tons. The expansion of the Atlantic Basin LNG industry is mainly concentrated in markets such as the United States and the United Kingdom. By 2015, U.S. LNG imports are likely to exceed Japan, and the United Kingdom may replace Spain as Europe 's largest LNG importer.
Natural gas is more and more popular as a clean energy source. Many countries have listed LNG as their preferred fuel, and the proportion of natural gas in the energy supply has increased rapidly. LNG is growing at a rapid rate of about 12% per year, making it one of the fastest growing energy industries in the world. In recent years, global LNG production and trade have become increasingly active. LNG has become a scarce clean resource and is becoming a new hotspot in the world 's oil and gas industry. In order to ensure the diversification of energy supply and improve the structure of energy consumption, some major energy-consuming countries are increasingly paying attention to the introduction of LNG. Japan, South Korea, the United States, and Europe are all building large-scale LNG receiving stations. International oil companies have also turned their new profit growth points to LNG business, LNG will become the next hot energy commodity in the global competition after oil.
By 2015, half of the LNG supply in the Asia-Pacific region will come from new LNG production lines, 40% of which are currently signed or under construction. By then, the Atlantic Basin will need to add approximately 145 million tons / year of LNG supply capacity, of which two-thirds are currently committed or under construction. Qatar's new large-scale LNG project will soon make the country the world's largest LNG producer. By 2015, Qatar's LNG production capacity will reach 76 million tons per year.
In the next 10 to 15 years, the source of LNG supply will increase. Iran and Russia are expected to be large potential LNG suppliers. Existing LNG exporters such as Trinidad and Tobago, Nigeria, Egypt, Qatar and Australia will all expand LNG exports. Australia will be in the LNG supply in the Pacific Basin Play a great role.